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Animal Alternatives Information

Resources for finding animal alternatives in laboratory research and educational settings.

Literature Databases

AGRICOLA - (AGRICultural OnLine Access) Serves as the catalog and index to the collections of the National Agricultural Library, including journal articles, book chapters, short reports, and reprints as far back as the 15th century.

ALTBIB - A subset of citations from the PubMed database that specifically relate to animal alternatives. Search by keyword or browse alternative methods categories.

Biological Abstracts (Web of Science) - Biological Abstracts indexes life sciences journals, providing abstracts for publications in botany, microbiology, pharmacology, biochemistry, evolutionary ecology, neurology, toxicology, and more.

BIOSIS (Web of Science) - Life sciences and biomedical research covering pre-clinical and experimental research, methods and instrumentation, animal studies, and more.

Embase - Contains journal citations and abstracts for biomedical literature from around the world. Primary focus on drug research, clinical medicine, and basic research.

Google Scholar - A free search engine that indexes a variety of scholarly information including peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, preprints, abstracts and technical reports from a broad area of research.

Medline (via Ovid) - Another interface to search MEDLINE, the National Library of Medicine’s bibliographic database. Pubmed is our recommended method to search MEDLINE.

PsycINFO - Covers the professional and academic literature in psychology and related disciplines, including medicine, psychiatry, nursing, sociology, pharmacology, physiology and linguistics.

PubMed - Contains journal citations and abstracts for biomedical literature from around the world.  Includes direct links to full-text articles when available through the NYU Health Sciences Libraries' collection.

Science Citation Index (Web of Science) - Access leading scholarly literature in the sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities and examine proceedings of international conferences, symposia, seminars, colloquia, workshops, and conventions.

Scopus - The largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed research literature covering the scientific, technical, medical and social sciences fields as well  as arts and humanities.

TOXLINE - Bibliographic database with an assortment of citations from specialized journals and other sources. It provides references covering the biochemical, pharmacological, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. Most of TOXLINE's bibliographic citations contain abstracts and/or indexing terms and Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Numbers.

Web of Science Core Collection - Web of Science provides seamless access to the Science Citation Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Index Chemicus, Current Chemical Reactions, Book Citation Index, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index.

Additional Resources

Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) The Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) is mandated by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to provide information for improved animal care and use in research, testing, teaching, and exhibition.

3R Guide - A joint project of AWIC and Norecopa, 3R Guide is a search engine linking users to resources that can be used to implement the 3Rs in their research.

AltWeb - A global clearinghouse for information on alternatives to animal testing published by Johns Hopkins University

AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia - The overriding commitment of these Guidelines is to provide veterinarians and researchers guidance in relieving pain and suffering of animals that are to be euthanized. Includes guidelines on laboratory animals by species.

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals - Eighth Edition (PDF) Includes key concepts of animal care and use. The Guide sets the framework for the humane care and use of laboratory animals as well as the animal environment, husbandry, and management. Download Acrobat Reader to view the PDF

www.3Rs-reduction.co.uk - This site provides an interactive short course on experimental design for research scientists working with laboratory animals. The aim is to reduce the number of animals which are used, improve the quality of the science and save time, money and other scientific resources.