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House Staff Guide to Library Resources/GME

This guide is for NYU Langone House Staff, Residency Directors and GME Administrators to assist House Staff in meeting the ACGME Practice-based Learning and Improvement competency goals 6, 7 and 8.

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PICO and the Clinical Question

PICO is an important framework helping one to generate a clinically-focused patient-care question, and more recently in light of the proliferation systematic and other reviews, the clinically- or population-focused research question.  If you have framed the question in advance,  fill out the PICO box.  If you are having difficulty framing the question, insert the relevant variables in to the box to generate the question.  

Example: Recently, attention has been drawn to the poor healthcare services that many veterans receive after serving our country.  You know there is a serious gap in the literature on female veterans and are interested in determining if stress negatively impacts cardiovascular disease among female veterans.  Goldstein KM, et al. have studied gender and racial differences in CVD among veterans and recommend further study of this issue.  You want to look specifically at stress and will measure allostatic load.

Patient, Problem or


Intervention or Exposure Comparison or Control Outcome of Interest

Female Veterans


Allostatic Load (Stress) N/A Cardiovascular Disease

Clinical question:  Among female veterans experiencing allostasis, are they at greater risk for cardiovascular disease?

Goldstein KM, Melnyk SD, Zullig LL, et al. Heart Matters: Gender and Racial Differences Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Control Among Veterans. Women's Health Issues. 2014;24(5):477-483.

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Google Scholar

Google Scholar Search

Bookmarklets for easier off-campus access to full text articles

Use this bookmarklet to access full text articles provided by the NYU Health Sciences Libraries from off campus.

Bookmark your favorite Library webpages

Click on the image for more information on downloading the bookmarklet.