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Evidence-based Medicine to Evidence-based Public Health  

Two integrated frameworks demonstrating how to translate evidence-based practice (a clinical approach) to evidence-based public health.
Last Updated: Aug 2, 2016 URL: http://hslguides.med.nyu.edu/content.php?pid=414717 Print Guide RSS Updates

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Overview

Evidence-based Public Health is defined as the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of the current best eveidence in making descions abut the care of communities and populations in the domain of health protection, disease prevention, health maintenance and improvement (health promotion).  It is the process of systematicially finding, appraising, and using contemporaneous research findings as the basis for decisions in public health."  (Jenicek, M. (1997)).

 

 

EBP/EBPH Framework

 

An example

P I C O

electronic cigarettes

youth 

      none              none        smoking prevention

Type 1:  Electronic cigarettes are harmful and should not be promoted among youth.


P I C O

electronic cigarettes

youth

internet-based

interventions 

       none       smoking prevention

Type 2:  Are internet-based interventions effective in preventing electronic cigarette smoking among youth?


P               I                          C           O

electronic cigarettes

youth

social media smoking prevention

Type 3:  Social media can be effective in promoting smoking prevention of electronic cigarettes among youth.

Public Health Domains

What is third hand smoke, and how does it impact each of the domains of Public Health?

Is Chikungunya a threat for the United States?

Follow the links to see how to apply type 1, type 2 and type 3 levels of evidence-based searching.

 

Epidemiology & Surveillance

Policy, Administration & Management

Health Promotion & Disease Prevention

Social & Behavioral Health

Environmental Health

      
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